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Solar UV radiation and microbial life in the atmosphere
Many microorganisms are alive while suspended in the atmosphere, and some seem to be metabolically active during their time there. One of the most important factors threatening their life and activity is solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Quantitative understanding of the spatial and temporal surviva...

Dual-Functional Cyclic Peptide Switch on Mesoporous Nanocontainers for Selective CD44 Targeting and On-Off Gatekeeping Triggered by Conformational Transformation
Cyclic peptide gatekeepers with a capability of on-off drug release triggered by stimuli-responsive conformational transformation on the surface of mesoporous silica nanocontainers (MSNs) has several advantages such as facile introduction of targeting ligand, high targeting selectivity, and low enzy...

Syntheses, Crystal-Solution Structures and Magnetic Properties of a Series of Decanuclear Heterometallic [LnIII2CoII4CoIII4] (Ln= Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy) Clusters
Four unprecedented decanuclear heterometallic [Ln2CoII4CoIII4] clusters based on diethanolamine ligand (H2dea), namely [Eu2CoII4CoIII4(dea)8(HCOO)4(OH)2(Cl)2(CH3OH)2]Cl2•4CH3OH•2H2O (1) , [Gd2CoII4CoIII4(dea)8(HCOO)4(OH)2(Cl)2(CH3OH)2]Cl2•4CH3OH•2H2O (2), [Tb2CoII4CoIII4(dea)8(HCOO)4(OH)2(Cl)2(CH3OH...

A ratiometric fluorescent hydrogen peroxide chemosensor manipulated by ICT-activated FRET mechanism and its bioimaging application in living cells and zebrafish
A H2O2-responsive fluorescence chemosensor (CNBE) with ratiometric emission signal was elaborately designed and synthesized. The ratio signal of chemosensor was manipulated by interplaying ICT-activated FRET mechanism. The ratiometric fluorescent imaging was successfully applied to detect H2O2 using...

Pyrenyl substituted 1,8-naphthalimide as a new material for weak efficiency-roll-off red OLEDs: a theoretical and experimental study
Based on the theoretical calculations of excited states and semiconducting properties, a new 1,8-naphthalimide derivative having an electron-donating 1-pyrenyl group at the C-4 position was designed and synthesized. This derivative exhibited an excellent thermal stability and bipolar charge carrier ...

High selectivity of CO2 hydrogenation to CO by controlling the valence state of nickel using perovskite
The selectivity of CO2 hydrogenation can be significantly tuned by controlling the valence state of nickel using lanthanum–iron–nickel perovskites. Nickel with higher valence states weakens the binding of CO and increases the activation barrier for further CO hydrogenation, leading to a higher CO se...

Direct Metal-free, Base Catalysed sp2 C-H Functionalization in Sulfonamidation of 1,4-Naphthoquinones Using Sulfonyl azides
A novel metal-free, base catalysed sp2 C-H functionalization in the sulfonyl amidation of 1,4-naphthoquinones via a [3+2] cycloaddition reaction using sulfonyl azides under mild reaction conditions is reported. In this straightforward, atom- and step-economical protocol, the active alkene moiety of ...

Predictability of the onset of spiking and bursting in complex chemical reactions
For three complex chemical reactions displaying intricate dynamics, we assess the effectiveness of a recently proposed quantitative method to forecast bursting and large spikes, i.e. extreme events. Specifically, we consider predicting extreme events in (i) a copper dissolution model where Bassett a...

Graphene Oxide based Fluorescence Sensor for Cucurbit[7]uril
Rhodamine B (RhB) anchored reduced Graphene oxide (RhBGO) offers a very sensitive and selective sensing potential for cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]). Except CB[7], RhBGO did not respond for other cucurbituril homologues and for β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) presumably due to their inability to pull off RhB from Rh...

Mobility of Hydrous Species in Amorphous Calcium/Magnesium Carbonates
Amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) is commonly found in many biological materials. As ACC readily crystallizes into calcite, stabilizers, such as anions, cations or macromolecules often occur to avoid or delay unwanted crystallization. In biogenic ACC, magnesium is commonly present as one of the stab...

The efficiency of 18F labelling of a prostate specific membrane antigen ligand via strain-promoted azide–alkyne reaction: reaction speed versus hydrophilicity
Here we report the 18F labeling of a prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand via a strain promoted oxa-dibenzocyclooctyne (ODIBO)- or bicyclo[6.1.0]nonyne (BCN)-azide reaction. Although ODIBO reacts with azide 20 fold faster than BCN, in vivo PET imaging suggests that 18F-BCN-azide-PSMA dem...

Selective radiolabelling with 68Ga under mild conditions: a route towards a porphyrin PET/PDT theranostic agent
A theranostic conjugate for use as a positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer and as a photosensitiser for photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been synthesised. A water-soluble porphyrin was coupled with the bifunctional chelate, H4Dpaa.ga. This conjugate is capable of rapid 68Ga complexation under...

Synthesis, photophysical, antibacterial and larvicidal studies on triazolophanes with 5-nitro isophthalate functionality at the intraannular position
1 : 1 and 2 : 2 oligomeric triazolophanes with 5-nitro isophthalate and triazolyl functionalities at the intraannular position have been synthesized by copper(i) catalyzed 1,3 dipolar cycloaddition of the corresponding propargylic esters with various phenyl substituted aliphatic azides under mild co...

Fine-tuning polyoxometalate non-linear optical chromophores: a molecular electronic “Goldilocks” effect
A new aryl-imido polyoxometalate non-linear optical chromophore (POMophore) with a diphenylamino donor group attains the highest βzzz, 0 value (196 × 10−30 esu by Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering, HRS), and best transparency/non-linearity trade off yet for such materials. Stark spectroscopic and DFT invest...

Slow magnetic relaxation in a {CoIICoIII2} complex containing a high magnetic anisotropy trigonal bipyramidal CoII centre
We report a trinuclear mixed-valence {CoIICoIII2} complex, where the CoII centre adopts a trigonal bipyramidal geometry, leading to a large, easy-plane magnetic anisotropy and field-induced slow magnetic relaxation with a Raman-like relaxation process....


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